Ants are the most common pest people encounter in the summer and spring seasons. Ant infestations are especially a nuisance because they can cause some serious damage to the property and health of individuals. Ants nests can have as many as 300,000 ants at a time and are able to multiply incredibly quickly if overlooked.
Different Classes of Ants
Carpenter ants vary in size from 3.5mm to 13mm long. They are mostly black in color but it is not uncommon to see them in reddish or yellowish tints as well. These ants are especially destructive because they are a wood boring insect and can cause serious damage to your home or property. They are especially attracted to any dead trees or wood that contains a lot of moisture in it.
Pavement ants are about 2.5-3.5mm in length and are black in color but have various colored legs and antennae. These ants are very likely to invade homes in search of food. They are attracted to most food we humans eat, especially greasy food items. Activity is most likely to take place on the patio or in the kitchen. These ants do have the ability to bite and sting but it is very rare that they will actually bite or sting. The males and females may swarm during mating season which usually takes place between June and July.
Fire ants can grow to be anywhere from 2-6mm in length and are copper to reddish in color. Fire ants are considered the more dangerous of the ants you can find in Ontario. Fire ants will attack both people and pets if they get too close to the nest. They are so dangerous that they are even known to be able to kill small animals. Fire ants are usually found in open spaces such as parks, and fields. They make mounds up to 40 CM in height and nests can be found near wetter soil under logs, rocks or bricks.
Pharaoh ants are about 2mm long and their queens are about 4mm long and are yellow to brownish in color. They are some of the more difficult ants to get rid of since they may have hundreds of queens in one colony. Each colony has its own nests and each nest may have its own queen. This makes it especially difficult to get rid of them because the colony can go on even with the loss of some of its queens. Pharaoh ants colonize in mainly warm and humid areas. This is why homes are an ideal place for a pharaoh ant infestation, especially near plumbing, within walls, behind fridges, electrical boxes, etc.